Monday, July 18, 2016

Helpful Vocabulary When Researching Japanese Ceramics

Vocabulary when searching for Japanese Ceramics
*I will be adding to this list

Dating

  (江戸) Edo Period (1603-1868)
  (江戸前期) Early Edo period (roughly 1600's)
(江戸中期)Mid Edo period (roughly 1700's) 
  (元禄時代) Genroku Jidai (1688-1704) "The Golden Age" 
(江戸後期)Late Edo period (roughly early to mid 1800's)     
   (天呆時代) Tenpo Jidai 1830-1844
(江戸幕末)Edo Bakumatsu period (1853-1867)
(明治前期 Early Meiji Period (1868-) 
*decline in quality 1872-1881 export production increased 150 fold, world market     collapse 1882
(明治後期~大正)Late Meiji ~Taisho period (1898~)
 *increased development of mass production
(大正)Taisho period (1912-1926) 
   (戦前) Pre-war
昭和戦前) Pre War Showa (1926- WWII)
 *during the war only domestic production under government control 
   (昭和戦後) Post War Showa (1946-)
   (昭和) Showa (1926-1989)


 Japanese Ceramic Export Eras

Here is a rough guideline for EXPORTS to the USA from Meiji period onwards:
1868-1890 either marked with Japanese characters or unmarked
1891-1921 Nippon, Made in Nippon
1921-1940 Made in Japan or Japan
1941-1945 WW II few, if any exports
1945-1952 Made in Occupied Japan
1953~ Japan, Made in Japan


Dai Nippon (大日本) "Great Japan" on many later Meiji, Taisho and even some Showa era exports. 



Type of ceramics 

上野焼 Agano Yaki
赤膚焼 Akahada Yaki
天草焼Amakusa Yaki
朝日焼 Asahi Yaki
有田焼 Arita Yaki
備前焼 Bizen Yaki
萩焼 Hagi Yaki
波佐見焼 Hasami Yaki
平戸焼 Hirado Yaki 
一ノ瀬焼 Ichinose Yaki
伊賀焼 Iga Yaki
伊万里焼 Imari Yaki
犬山焼 Inuyama Yaki
出石焼 Izushi Yaki
 唐津焼 Karatsu Yaki
笠間焼 Kasama Yaki
清水焼 Kiyomizu Yaki
高田焼 Koda Yaki 
小石原焼 Koishiwara Yaki
古曽部焼 Kosobe Yaki
九谷焼 Kutani Yaki
京焼 Kyo-Yaki
益子焼 Mashiko Yaki
松代焼 Matsushiro Yaki
美濃焼 Mino Yaki 
大堀相馬焼 Obori Soma Yaki
小鹿田焼 Onta Yaki
楽焼 Raku Yaki
薩摩焼 Satsuma Yaki
瀬戸焼 Seto Yaki
渋草焼 Shibakusa Yaki
信楽焼 Shigaraki Yaki
小代焼 Shodai Yaki
高取焼 Takatori Yaki
丹波焼 Tanba Yaki
砥部焼 Tobe Yaki

Chinese Markings on Japanese Ceramics

                  大明年製 Dai Min Nen Sei
                  太明年製 Tai Min Nen Sei
                  太明成化年製 Dai Min Sei Ka Nen Sei
                  大明萬暦年製 Dai Min Ban Reki Nen Sei
                  奇玉宝鼎之珍 Ki Gyoku Hou Tei No Chin
                   冨貴長春 Fu Ki Cho Shun
                   竒石寳鼎之珍 Ki Seki Ho Tei No Chin
Helpful Search Phrases
アンティーク和食器 Antique Japanese dishes
陶器   Pottery
陶磁器 Porcelain
輸出陶器 Export Pottery 
明治輸出陶 Meiji Export Pottery
昭和レトロ Showa Retro
染付けSometsuke (blue and white)
金襴手 Kinrande (Kin ran te)
カップ&ソーサー cup and saucer
蓋付き茶碗 Futatsuki Chawan or lidded bowl
窯 Kiln (reading can be kama, gama, yo)
窯印 Kamajirushi-kiln mark
瑠璃釉金彩 Azure blue glaze with gold

Made/produced/manufactured


saku

Zo

Sei

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