Thursday, July 28, 2016
Wednesday, July 27, 2016
Sunday, July 24, 2016
*Under construction. I will continue to add to this over time.
Export Ware 輸出陶器
Much of the Taisho period included Nippon marked wares (1891-1921), which were exported in great numbers to the west. In the latter part of the Taisho period was the start of the "Made in Japan" period beginning Sept 1921. Morimura/ Noritake was producing many lovely western style wares for an ever demanding market. Many other companies popped up with similar designs which causes headaches for collector's today. Many of the records for these companies have been lost or destroyed making it nearly impossible to attribute some marks to particular companies. Some of these companies disappeared after a short time, others were bought by other companies, some continued for many years and some are still in business today.
Transferware small dishes for export with "Japan" marked on it. This was made after September of 1921. They are similar in size to the one made for the domestic market. They must have really been cranking out those plates given the quality shown here.
These were likely made in the early 1920's for export. You can see that the wobbly dish (very uneven) as well as the kiln flaws indicate rapid mass production with little quality control. They are, however, quaint and an example of trying to meet the high demand in the export market.
The saucer size (11cm) is the same as the small mamezara made domestically during the Taisho period.
Domestic Transfer ware 印判
The small plates above are all transferware of the late Meiji to Taisho era. These are very typical of the wares of the period and they are found in abundance in most antiques shops in Japan. Most come in blue and white but green was also popular. The quality varies as you can see. The typical small plate re called "mamezara" (bean plate), were generally 11cm in diameter, where as in the early Meiji era they were about 10.5cm.
This 24cm serving plate uses the old motifs but uses transfer, some hand painting and luster. The colors used were updated to the "times". I would date this between 1921-1930. If not for the luster I would have marked it somewhat earlier.
This is a Kutani lid to a bowl that probably dates to the Taisho period according to similar wares I have seen.
Thursday, July 21, 2016
Monday, July 18, 2016
Vocabulary when searching for Japanese Ceramics
*I will be adding to this list
(江戸) Edo Period (1603-1868)
(江戸前期) Early Edo period (roughly 1600's)
（江戸中期）Mid Edo period (roughly 1700's)
(元禄時代) Genroku Jidai (1688-1704) "The Golden Age"
（江戸後期）Late Edo period (roughly early to mid 1800's)
(天呆時代) Tenpo Jidai 1830-1844
（江戸幕末）Edo Bakumatsu period (1853-1867)
（明治前期 Early Meiji Period (1868-)
*decline in quality 1872-1881 export production increased 150 fold, world market collapse 1882
（明治後期～大正）Late Meiji ~Taisho period (1898~)
*increased development of mass production
（大正）Taisho period (1912-1926)
（昭和戦前) Pre War Showa (1926- WWII)
*during the war only domestic production under government control
(昭和戦後) Post War Showa (1946-)
(昭和) Showa (1926-1989)
Japanese Ceramic Export Eras
Here is a rough guideline for EXPORTS to the USA from Meiji period onwards:
1868-1890 either marked with Japanese characters or unmarked
1891-1921 Nippon, Made in Nippon
1921-1940 Made in Japan or Japan
1941-1945 WW II few, if any exports
1945-1952 Made in Occupied Japan
1953~ Japan, Made in Japan
Dai Nippon (大日本) "Great Japan" on many later Meiji, Taisho and even some Showa era exports.
Type of ceramics
上野焼 Agano Yaki
赤膚焼 Akahada Yaki
朝日焼 Asahi Yaki
有田焼 Arita Yaki
備前焼 Bizen Yaki
萩焼 Hagi Yaki
波佐見焼 Hasami Yaki
平戸焼 Hirado Yaki
一ノ瀬焼 Ichinose Yaki
伊賀焼 Iga Yaki
伊万里焼 Imari Yaki
犬山焼 Inuyama Yaki
出石焼 Izushi Yaki
唐津焼 Karatsu Yaki
笠間焼 Kasama Yaki
清水焼 Kiyomizu Yaki
高田焼 Koda Yaki
小石原焼 Koishiwara Yaki
古曽部焼 Kosobe Yaki
九谷焼 Kutani Yaki
益子焼 Mashiko Yaki
松代焼 Matsushiro Yaki
美濃焼 Mino Yaki
大堀相馬焼 Obori Soma Yaki
小鹿田焼 Onta Yaki
楽焼 Raku Yaki
薩摩焼 Satsuma Yaki
瀬戸焼 Seto Yaki
渋草焼 Shibakusa Yaki
信楽焼 Shigaraki Yaki
小代焼 Shodai Yaki
高取焼 Takatori Yaki
丹波焼 Tanba Yaki
砥部焼 Tobe Yaki
Chinese Markings on Japanese Ceramics
大明年製 Dai Min Nen Sei
太明年製 Tai Min Nen Sei
太明成化年製 Dai Min Sei Ka Nen Sei
大明萬暦年製 Dai Min Ban Reki Nen Sei
奇玉宝鼎之珍 Ki Gyoku Hou Tei No Chin
冨貴長春 Fu Ki Cho Shun
竒石寳鼎之珍 Ki Seki Ho Tei No Chin
Helpful Search Phrases
アンティーク和食器 Antique Japanese dishes
輸出陶器 Export Pottery
明治輸出陶 Meiji Export Pottery
昭和レトロ Showa Retro
染付けSometsuke (blue and white)
金襴手 Kinrande (Kin ran te)
カップ&ソーサー cup and saucer
蓋付き茶碗 Futatsuki Chawan or lidded bowl
窯 Kiln (reading can be kama, gama, yo)
窯印 Kamajirushi-kiln mark
瑠璃釉金彩 Azure blue glaze with gold
Posted by Marmie at 3:27 PM
Inuyama Yaki translates to "Dog Mountain" fired. Inuyama ceramics are made in north western Aichi Prefecture, just north of Nagoya. It has a long tradition for ceramics dating from the early Edo period.
Thursday, July 14, 2016
Luster ware developed after 1921. Noritake used it extensively, but many other manufacturers in Japan did as well. There are varying degrees of quality depending on who manufactured it. Luster ware was also used in Europe, especially Bavarian and Czech are found.
Oops! Sometimes a piece of chinaware breaks, or we see sometimes orphaned pieces at a thrift store. It is possible to make things "work" using similar patterns, shapes, styles, eras and such. It really can be a bit of a game. I will be posting some "marriages" that bring these orphans together so they can still be useful.
I found the cup in Japan and this saucer at a thrift store in the USA. The saucers is Regal China, made in Occupied Japan. The cup is marked Matsuhara, which I have not really been able to find out anything about. The styles fit although they are over a decade or so apart. The colors are not perfect but they seem happy together.
The era, scale, style and pattern are similar enough that they make a pleasing marriage.
Posted by Marmie at 4:35 PM
Sumida Yaki is famous for its bright, humorous and sometimes odd motifs. It is called Sumida Gawa Yaki by many because the workshops were by the Sumida River in Tokyo. In Japanese it is just called Sumida Yaki.
Probably the most prolific and famous potter in Inoue Ryousai. He worked closely with other noted artists including Ishiguro Koko.
This mark is that of Ishiguro Koko (石黒香香) who used bone script 香二 for his mark. The 二 is the iteration mark used in old Chinese (for repeating a character). Ishiguro Koko's name is written three ways that I know of.
(石黒) 香香 , (石黒) 香二, (石黒)香々
Tuesday, July 12, 2016
In Carole Bess White's series of books on Made in Japan Ceramics she has a page with patent numbers. It is very helpful in establishing approximate years. I will show some examples with approximate years by using the list from the MIJ books.
This Kutani sake flask with the number 372399 fits into the 1967-1967 time frame
Posted by Marmie at 9:09 PM
Monday, July 4, 2016
During WWII there were no exports from Japan. Most production was focused on the war effort. However, domestic ceramic wares were produced during 1941-1946 (Showa 15-21). They were made in various areas under government control. They are usually marked with the the first kanji character for the area where they were produced and a number. I believe the numbers indicate the kiln.
For example the area of manufacture is the mark along with a number:
Arita made 有55
Banko made 万 120
Bizen made 備 3
Gifu (Mino) made 岐 123
Hasami made 波 32
Hizen made 肥 28
Kyoto made 京 252
Nagoya made 名 24
Seto made 品 148
Seto made 瀬 202
Seto made セ 598
Shigaraki made 信 240
Tokoname made 常 107
Here is another link which shows that the snake eye foot was still being made during the World War II period. I had previously thought the snake eye was only made through Meiji or early Taisho period.
Some examples of Tousei Touki marks:
To the left is the Aoki mark with 有55 meaning made by Aoki in Arita during the war
The two on the right are the Gifu mark 岐.
This is unusual in that it does not have a number. It is marked right to left Meito 明陶 with the Gifu mark above. This has the Gifu mark.
Examples of Tousei Toki from various sites
Examples of Tousei Toki from various sites
Friday, July 1, 2016
Reference works of the time Morse and Brinkley conflict. Morse used Wakayama and Brinkley used Jyakuzan. Morse published his work in 1880, while Brinkley published in 1901. This is how I surmised that the change must have occurred around the late 19th or early 20th century.
Shussai kiln (出西窯) of Shimane Prefecture, was established in 1947 by a group of young potters who were influenced by the "Mingei" folk pottery movement. The potters received instructional visits from esteemed Mingei potters like Leach, Hamada, Kawai and Yanagi.